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What is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome?

Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a type of knee condition which causes pain on the outside or behind the kneecap. This pain typically occurs when the kneecap does not glide correctly against the femur, causing irritation and inflammation. Often times, this is due to muscle imbalances and sub-optimal movement which ultimately causes inappropriate loading and subsequent pain at the knee.  

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

How is a Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome commonly treated? 

Patellofemoral pain is treated by re-training the body to begin to move correctly utilising the appropriate stabilising muscles in the hips and knees. This may involve using the inner quadriceps muscle (VMO) correctly throughout movement, while also addressing any hip instability issues that may be identified. This helps the kneecap move properly in its groove, effectively offloading the irritated part of the joint and allowing inflammation and pain to subside.


How can an Exercise Physiologist help? 

An Exercise Physiologist can help you in developing awareness of your body, and teaching you the most helpful exercises to both re-train and strengthen the necessary muscles to overcome this type of knee pain. We can also help in showing you how to implement these exercises into everyday movements, such as gym training, climbing and descending stairs or running. 

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